About Plan:

For plan:

My inspired from the Rubik’s Cube. The cube is a small squares of infinite mystery. It has a unique style. The Design Concept:  prominent on the windowsill, to make the building more unique shape. Using the steel structure is better than reinforced concrete. It is very convenient used in design, construction and all aspects of an advantage. The low cost, can be assembled at any time. It is easy assembly, low construction cost, less construction time, secure, reliable, sleek, stable framework and other advantages.


The plan of living pod from the response of layered geometric systems. The resulting extrapolations extend a vocabulary of cubes ,planes, and formalize volumes, walls, and columns. The primary structural organazation is the three-by-three grid that produces the nine square organization. The systemic geometric manipulations within this system and their individuated modifications aggregate to become a record of process. The abstract system emphasizes space over founction and extends it both horizontally and vertically allowing continuity from inside to out.





Detailing(3) for Floor of my pod.

https://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/1a/91/57/1a915729ac507b711a5a09dd1edd5279.jpg&imgrefurl=https://www.pinterest.com/pin/392024342539792694/&h=647&w=384&tbnid=CBByg0U9n_KhXM:&docid=JmouNU84eDw-WM&ei=OzK1Vqm9MYX9PeDPndAO&tbm=isch&ved=0ahUKEwjpxoSu5eHKAhWFfg8KHeBnB-oQMwgjKAQwBADetailing: Complete a series of sketches showing the basic principles of constrcution and junctions: (3) for Floor of my pod.

curtain wall slab connection detail




This detail shows tile laid on cementitious backer unit (CBU) w/ taped joints on a concrete subfloor. The tile is adhered to the CBU using a dry-set or latex-modified portland cement mortar bond coat. The CBU is adhered to the concrete using dry-set mortar.






















Detailing(2) for roof of my pod.

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/501940320942981746/Detailing: Complete a series of sketches showing the basic principles of constrcution and junctions: (2) for roof of my pod.

Flat Roof Flashing Detail



Roofing &Parapet Detail.:





Material Choices

Material Choices: Explain how you have chosen the final materials included in your pod design. Why have these been chosen, thermal properties?, cost?, ease of availability?


Concrete is a friend of the environment in all stages of its life span, from raw material production to demolition, making it a natural choice for sustainable home construction. Here are some of the reasons why, according to the Portland Cement Association and the Environmental Council of Concrete Organizations:

Resource efficiency. The predominant raw material for the cement in concrete is limestone, the most abundant mineral on earth. Concrete can also be made with fly ash, slag cement, and silica fume, all waste byproducts from power plants, steel mills, and other manufacturing facilities.

Durability. Concrete builds durable, long-lasting structures that will not rust, rot, or burn. Life spans for concrete building products can be double or triple those of other common building materials.

Thermal mass. Homes built with concrete walls, foundations, and floors are highly energy efficient because they take advantage of concretes inherent thermal massor ability to absorb and retain heat. This means homeowners can significantly cut their heating and cooling bills and install smaller-capacity HVAC equipment.

Reflectivity. Concrete minimizes the effects that produce urban heat islands. Light-colored concrete pavements and roofs absorb less heat and reflect more solar radiation than dark-colored materials, such as asphalt, reducing air conditioning demands in the summer.

Ability to retain stormwater. Paved surfaces tend to be impervious and can block natural water infiltration into the soil. This creates an imbalance in the natural ecosystem and leads to problems such as erosion, flash floods, water table depletion, and pollution. Previous concret is a special type of structural concrete with a sponge-like network of voids that water passes through readily. When used for driveways, sidewalks, parking lots, and other pavements, pervious concrete can help to retain stormwater runoff and replenish local water supplies.

Minimal waste. Concrete can be produced in the quantities needed for each project, reducing waste. After a concrete structure has served its original purpose, the concrete can be crushed and recycled into aggregate for use in new concrete pavements or as backfill or road base.





Balogh, A. (2015) WHAT MAKES CONCRETE A SUSTAINABLE BUILDING MATERIAL? Available at:http://www.concretenetwork.com/concrete/greenbuildinginformation/what_makes.html (Accessed: 5th /Feb/2016)







Services: Explain how your pod will be serviced: Will your pod ‘plug’ into existing services, if so how is this achieved. Will your pod provide its own power/ water?


An ultra-efficient LED lights, light control sensor, Generating off-grid power with wind electricity, sustainable use of raw materials and rainwater harvesting tank.


An ultra-efficient LED lights

The sealed structure maintains the radiation surface clean, blocking dusts or other alien materials infiltrating.
Easy to renovate or repair the system, whose installation and finishing structure is concise
Possible to install the device without drilling holes in the ceiling, since the converter is embedded
To support the user’s convenience, the device has a dimming control instrument embedded that allows adjusting the brightness with a switch or remote control.

Outer building glass installation, not only reduces the absorption of solar heat, letting internal lighting to achieve the best results. During the day, 20% of the windows were obscured. At night when the off-peak period, in the second basement of the ice storage systems utilize current generated grid ice stored in the ice storage device, melting ice during the day will be released from the cold storage to reduce peak periods air-conditioning electricity grid load. Heat recovery wheel by recovering exhaust gas energy heats air to save energy. Free flushing urinals saves potable water.

light control sensor


Generating off-grid power with wind electricity
generating electricity from residential-sized wind turbines is another option for off-grid energy. Knowing the average and wind speed ranges, you can estimate how much electricity a given system will produce. Wind speeds on a specific lot can vary significantly from regional averages depending on local topography.

When it comes to picking a turbine, size matters. A 400-watt wind turbine, big enough to account for a few appliances, uses about a four-foot-diameter rotor; a 900-watt turbine uses a seven-foot turbine; a 10,000-watt (10 kW) turbine, enough to power most or all of a house, uses a 23-foot turbine and is mounted on a tower often more than 100 feet tall. Obviously, living in town or on a small plot, the big one isn’t going to work as well, but many people have the necessary real estate for an extra seven-foot turbine.

As with solar, there are pluses and minuses to going with wind energy off the grid; the biggest, most obvious one is the need for breeze: if the wind doesn’t blow, the turbine stays still and the electricity isn’t generated. Wind turbines also have moving parts, which means more things that require maintenance and have the possibility of failure. But if you’ve got a good consistent stiff breeze blowing through the back yard, you can harvest its energy for years to come.







No author (2013) Intelligent sensors enable environmentally aware and responsive lighting (MAGAZINE). Available at: http://www.ledsmagazine.com/articles/iif/print/volume-2/issue-4/features/intelligent-sensors-enable-environmentally-aware-and-responsive-lighting-magazine.html. (Accessed: 5th /Feb/2016)




Cost: Consider the cost of building your pod. Did you specifiy a ‘low budget’ approach? Or, did your design choice stem from being the best solution at any cost? If so why?


Material selection for low cost housing

low cost housing material selection is to select ecofriendly building materials. The life cycle of a building os pre-building, building and post-building stages. Each stage of building should be such that they help conserve the energy. These three stages indicate flow of building materials through different stages of a building. Pre-building stage mainly consists of manufacture which is subdivided in processing, packing and transport. The building phase mainly consists of construction, operation and maintenance whilst as the last stage would be disposal where the material can be recycled or reused.

1) In Manufacturing of low cost building materials – Pollution prevention:

Manufacturing of building materials should be environment friendly. Efforts should be made to study and revise the technologies for producing good quality, efficient building materials and should improve the waste generation during manufacturing. These results in reduction of pollutants to environment.

2) Recycling of wastes in Manufacturing – The wastes which can be recycled can and used in masonries whilst as wooden wastes can be used in manufacture of plywood or soft boards. (Courtesy-BMTPC)

3) Reducing Energy Consumption and use of Natural materials – The total energy required to produce a material is called embodied energy. The greater a materials embodied energy; it requires a greater usage of non-renewable sources. It is therefore advantageous to use materials or composite materials prepared from the wastages. The natural materials such as stones, wood, lime, sand and bamboo can be used in ample where ever possible. The natural materials impact more sustainability to structures as well as they are friendlier to environment.

4) Use of Local material – The use of local materials reduces the dependence on transportation whose contribution to the building material cost is high for long distance. Use of locally available building materials not only reduces the construction cost but also are suitable for the local environmental conditions.

5) Energy Efficiency – Energy efficiently of a building material can be measured through various factors as its R value, shading coefficient, luminous efficiency or fuel efficiency. Energy efficient materials must reduce the amount of generated energy.

6)Use of non-toxic building materials: Use of toxic building materials can significantly impact the health of construction people and the occupants of the building. Thus it is advisable to use the non-toxic building materials for construction. There are several chemicals including formaldehydes, benzene, ammonia, resins, chemicals in insulations, ply boards which are present in furnishings and building material. The effect on health of these toxic materials must be considered while their selection and they should be used only where-ever required.

Higher air cycling is recommended while installation of materials having volatile organic compound such as several adhesives, paints, sealants, cleaners and so on.

7) Longitivity, durability and maintenance of building material: The use of durable cosntruction materials does not only enhance the life of the building but also reduces the cost of maintenance. The lower maintenance costs naturally save a lot of building operating cost. The materials used in building determine the long term costs of an operating.

8) Recyclability and reusability of building material: A material should be available in form which can be recyclable or reusable. Ex – the plastics waste can be used for recycling and producing newer materials. The scrap from steel can be used to manufacture the rcc bars, binding covers and other miscellaneous steel products in building construction.

9) Biodegrability –A material should be able to decompose naturally when

discarded. Natural materials or organic materials would decompose very easily. It is also a very important consideration whether a material decomposes naturally or produces some toxic gases.

Composites as Building Materials:

The composite building materials are made of composition of two or more materila which have enhanced property. Natural fiber materials are coming up as excellent substitutes for the prevailing building materials. Fibers likes jute, sisal coconut, ramie, banana are cheap and environmentally suited as they are made from natural fibers. They are also replacing the fiber reinforced plastics.

Composite building materials present immense opportunities to replace traditional materials as timber, steel, aluminum and concrete in buildings. They help in reduction of corrosion and their low weight has been proved useful in many low stress applications. Each type of composite has its own characteristic properties and thus useful for specific purpose.

Jute fiber reinforced polypropylene composites, coir fiber reinforced composites, sisal fiber and wollastonite jute pultruded composites are a few to be named. CBRI has developed MDF composite doors containing coir fiber, cashew nut, shell liquid (CNSL) as natural resin and Para formaldehyde as major constituents.

Many composite building materials are generated from glass fibres and industrial wastes. These materials are used for manufacturing of portable toiles, water storage tanks, outdoor furniture, bath tubs, interior decoration, basin, door, window frames etc. Thus the application of composite building materials in construction vary from cladding to internal furnishings and the owner highly benefits due to their application because of their light weight, resistance to corrosion and availability in different colours. Pultrusion is most cost effective method for producing composite profiles. It is commercially applicable for light weight corrosion free structures, electrical non conductive systems and so many other functions.

The pultruded items are recognized and recommended in the Global markets. Pultrated sections are well established alternative to steel, wood and aluminium in developed countries and catching fast in other parts of the world.





Ease of build

Ease of build: Consider how your pod is to be built. Will it require more than one person to erect this pod, or will it be designed to be built autonomously by one person?


Ease of Construction

Because Val-U-Therm embodies the advantages of timber frame technology it can reduce construction times dramatically – by one third or more when compared to more traditional construction techniques.

What’s more, because it is factory-manufactured to the highest standard it also helps improve build quality and reduces problems caused by on-site issues such as inclement weather.

Val-U-Therm is suitable for all types of domestic and commercial architecture and can be used with any external treatment or internal finish. It is also ideal for the latest simplified foundation and mini-piling techniques, especially when poor ground conditions are encountered.
Faster Construction

About 40% of a total build can be supplied by the Val-U-Therm system. Val-U-Therm panels are delivered in large pre-fabricated sections which are designed for ease of construction. They can also incorporate factory-fitted windows and externals doors. They can therefore be erected extremely quickly thereby speeding up the overall build process. Val-U-Therm can reduce build times by one third or more when compared to other construction techniques.

Simplified Building and Enhanced Quality




Washing/ Shower

Washing/ Shower: Consider how you will achieve services for washing dishes and personal shower? How will this effect your servicing?



From last post , some detail will be a little same.4

shower room


the right blue glasses is shower room

pinhmiantu CAD

this is my floor plan, but it is not good

I will be change a little bit from this.

before this plan, I’ve thinking about long time for how to design bathroom, it’s very difficult and need think about comfortable


this is my original, due to small space, I need to think about height and design one more floor. stairs take up more space , I can’t use it well , even though I found some source like this situation,but it’s still hard to archive. So , I tried to all kinds of ways, finally, I am satisfied with it.




Size: (mm)


shower room:800*800*2100

wash basin:450*600*800